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Wellington Fields Allotments - Hixon.


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It is thought that Magnolias are one of the earliest recorded flowering plants that can be traced back over 100 million years by the use of fossils. It is believed that Magnolias were a part of the Landscape even before bees existed to pollinate them, so they developed in a way that they could be pollinated by beetles. Beetles had no interest in the Nectar that modern flowers have, so the plants evolved to make large quantities of Pollen that the Beetles could use for food.
Magnolias are Native to East Asia and are slow growing taking some 20 - 50 years to reach their full height. Nearly all are deciduous with over 200 varieties in existence, and there are only 2 species of evergreen Magnolias.

Magnolias have quite a broad canopy and some varieties can get very big reaching between 60 to 80 feet tall within their 80 to 120 years lifespan. However, there are many smaller varieties that are eminently suitable for a small garden and although they do prefer sheltered conditions and slightly acidic, or ericaceous soil and they are tolerant of wet soil. Soulangeana, or the “Saucer Magnolia,” also known as “Chinese Magnolia,” ultimately reaches some 6m and Magnolia Stellata is another smaller variety that is also one of the most popular types here in the UK. Furthermore, it is one of hardiest as they can need a little protection in really cold winters.
Magnolias are well known for their spectacular, Tulip shaped flowers that are bisexual and come in a range of colours from Whites and Yellows through to Pinks and Purples.
As lovely and popular as Magnolias are, they do have some problems as they are susceptible to several pests and diseases including canker, dieback, powdery mildew, fungal spots, snails, weevils, scale insects, plant-hoppers, and thrips.



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